Ceramic centre

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History Of Tiles

Historically, man has desired to create living spaces which were beautiful, durable and user friendly. With that in mind, ceramic tile has been made by man for 4000 years. Beautiful tiled surfaces have been found in the oldest pyramids, the ruins of Babylon, and ancient ruins of Greek cities. Decorative tile work was invented in the near east, where it has enjoyed a longer popularity and assumed a greater variety of design than anywhere in the world. During the Islamic period, all methods of tile decoration were brought to perfection in Persia. In Europe decorated tiles did not come into general use outside Moorish Spain until the second half of the 12th century. The tile mosaics of Spain and Portugal, the Majolica floor tiles of renaissance Italy, the faiences of Antwerp, the development of tile iconography in England and in the Netherlands, and the ceramic tiles of Germany are all prominent landmarks in the history of ceramic tile.

A ceramic is an inorganic, nonmetallic solid prepared by the action of heat and subsequent cooling. Ceramic materials may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, or may be amorphous (e.g., a glass). Because most common ceramics are crystalline, the definition of ceramic is often restricted to inorganic crystalline materials, as opposed to the no crystalline glasses.

The earliest ceramics were pottery objects made from clay, either by itself or mixed with other materials, hardened in fire. Later ceramics were glazed and fired to create a colored, smooth surface. Ceramics now include domestic, industrial and building products and art objects. In the 20th century, new ceramic materials were developed for use in advanced ceramic engineering; for example, in semiconductors. The word "ceramic" comes from the Greek word keramikos, "of pottery" or "for pottery" from keramos, "potter's clay, tile, pottery" The earliest mention on the root "ceram-" is the Mycenaean Greek ke-ra-me-we, "workers of ceramics", written in Linear b syllabic script."Ceramic" may be used as an adjective describing a material, product or process; or as a singular noun, or, more commonly, as a plural noun, "ceramics".

Tiles are often used to form wall and floor coverings, and can range from simple square tiles to complex mosaics. Tiles are most often made from porcelain, fired clay or ceramic with a hard glaze, but other materials are also commonly used, such as glass, metal, cement and stone. Tiling stone is typically marble, onyx, granite or slate. Thinner tiles can be used on walls than on floors, which require thicker, more durable surfaces.

Ceramic tile was used almost everywhere - on walls, floors, ceilings, fireplaces, in murals, and as an exterior cladding on buildings. Ceramics are defined as products made from inorganic materials having non-metallic properties. Ceramic tiles have a number of outstanding properties which determine their usefulness. One of the most appreciated is their great durability. This durability can be divided into three types:-

Chemical, mechanical and thermal:-

• Water absorption

• Not affected by oxygen

• Abrasion resistance

• Impact resistance

• Breaking strength

• Stain resistance - resistant to almost all acids, alkalis, and organic solvents.

Vitrified tiles occupy a good market share in countries like India, UK and USA, and in India the prime locations where there tiles are a sure shot hit are Delhi, Kerala, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Gujarat and Mumbai. Vitrified tiles manufacturers assure that these tiles are completely non porous and hence long lasting. Justifying the main purpose of vitrified tile flooring with finest Vinyl tile designs and prices, the vitrified tile manufacturer also gives high opinion on durability of these tiles.

The market of vitrified tiles in India is growing by leaps and bounds and cities like Delhi, Kerala, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad and Mumbai are a hot favourite in the tiling arena. While on global scale that is in countries like UK and USA. Taking a review of vitrified tiles in India. We find that here the cost of vitrified tiles is affordable and are popularly used as vitrified floor and wall tiles.

The vitrified tiles cost for fully vitrified tiles flooring is a little higher compared to the ceramic tiles and so in many parts ceramic tiles are preferred over it. But with the metro lifestyle these are definitely going to rule flooring coliseum in the near future.

Vitrified Tile is a tile is created by the Vitrification process. It is processed in ways that it has very low porosity (and water absorption) making it stain-resistant and strong. Vitrified tile is an alternative to granite flooring. Vitrified Tiles have far superior properties compared to natural granite. Being a manufactured product, their quality is controlled, whereas in naturally occurring marble and granite good quality is just a coincidence. Vitrified tiles possess much better mechanical strength, scratch resistance, resistance to acids, alkalis and chemicals, resistance to staining etc compared to marble or natural granite. Marble has a relatively lower abrasion resistance compared to vitrified tiles. It is composed of calcium carbonate, a compound that is readily attacked by Hydrochloric acid, which is commonly used in toilet & floor cleaning. It can yellow within a span of a few years, whereas vitrified tiles retain their colour for decades. Polished natural granite shows several surface defects, and good quality is just a matter of chance, whereas vitrified tiles are guaranteed for consistent good quality. Marble laying is very cumbersome and time consuming whereas vitrified tiles may be laid in a matter of hours and put to use after 48 hours.

Hints for selecting Tiles

Ceramic tiles are of four groups as per the abrasion resistance. Floor tiles are generally Group II & III tiles. Group II & III tiles to be used in areas with low traffic, generally in bed rooms, living rooms, bathrooms, and side rooms. In Verandah, drawing & dining rooms, kitchen and public places, where there is heavy traffic, Group IV or Group V tiles to be used. Group IV & V tiles are highly scratch resistant. These tiles are more abrasion resistant than marble and granite. Our range includes tiles of all the companies, which manufacturers Group IV & V tiles. Our sales personnel will assist you for selecting the required tiles.

Types of Porcelain/Vitrified Tile

You may have heard the term porcelain tile. This refers to tiles which are made from special clays and have been fired at very high temperatures. This process vitrifies the tile which makes it very hard, like glass. This also makes the tile dense and strong. There are two main types of porcelain tile. Glazed porcelain and through bodied porcelain. Glazed porcelain has a body made of the porcelain material and then a glaze is applied over the surface much like a regular ceramic tile. It is fired in a kiln and the result is a very strong bodied tile. Through-bodied porcelain does not have a glaze. The clay is pressed and then fired. It may have texture and color applied to the surface before firing but it is still the porcelain material from top to bottom. The result is a strong tile that can withstand extreme surface traffic. There is no glaze that can wear off. If the tile chips, the same or similar colour is underneath.

Key Features/advantages of Ceramic/Vitrified Tiles

• Best economy cost

• Durable and long lasting

• Easy to lay

• Easy to clean

• Hygienic

• Less weight compared to granite

•Time saving

• Unlimited colour range

• Uniformity

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Ceramic Centre
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West Fort, Thrissur
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Opp Clay House,
NH, Muringoor, Chalakkudy

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Tele : +91 8157876777
: +91 8157873777
: +91 9447086039
Fax  : +91 487 2383135

E-mail: varghese.ceramiccentre@yahoo.com